Clariancy Treatments

Enlarged Pores

What causes enlarged pores?

  • Genetics
  • Sun Damage
  • Hormonal Changes
  • Acne
  • Blackheads
  • Skin Dehydration
  • Trapper dirt, oil, dead skin cells
  • Improper Cleansing
  • Excessive oil production
  • Overuse of Make-Up
  • Improper Diet
  • Smoking
  • Puberty, Menopause

Genetics may cause enlargement of the pores since people with combination or oily skin tend to have larger looking pores. If your mother or father have large pores this simply means that you are more prone to have them too.

Sun damage may also cause enlarged pores. The sun’s harmful rays cause the skin to thicken and the skin cells may collect around the pores which makes pores appear larger. Also as we know the sun damages the collagen and elastin in the skin and as a result the skin loses its elasticity and the pores enlarge because there is no collagen to keep them tight and small. Once the collagen and elastin in your skin is damaged the pores will begin to enlarge.

Improper skin care - in 78 percent of the cases the pores enlarge due to improper skin care. If you don’t remove your makeup in the evening, don’t cleanse your face twice a day, don’t use moisturizers and don’t exfoliate your skin regularly you are more likely to have enlarged pores. It’s essential to exfoliate your face at least twice a week to remove the dead skin cells, otherwise the surface oil and the dead cells may collect around your pores and make them appear large.

Blackheads and pimples may cause large pores if not treated properly. For example, if you squeeze a blackhead or a pimple you may stretch the pore.

Excessive oil production is another cause of large pores because if the oil glands produce large amounts of sebum the pore will be forced to expand itself in order to release the oil. Excessive oil production usually appears on the T-zone as these areas contain more oil glands than other areas.

Puberty cause large pores because as we know during puberty the skin begins to produce more oil and the pores have to enlarge in order to be able to handle the increased output. Large pores are most common in teenagers.

Pores appear enlarged when they are clogged, dilated, infected and that’s why the best way to keep your pores small and less visible is to keep your skin clean all the time. Often the pores get clogged with dead skin cells, dirt, oil which makes them appear more prominent and that’s why regular skin exfoliation is essential in order to remove the dead skin cells and to allow your skin to produce new, healthier cells.

Unfortunately there is no way to make large pores invisible and to shrink them forever but there are a few things and procedures you can do to minimize their appearance.

Available Treatments for Large Pores

At home treatments for enlarged pores:

Exoliation is essential for keeping your skin clean and to prevent enlargement of facial pores. Use a mild exfoliator to remove the dead skin cells twice a week, but make sure it’s appropriate for your skin type.
Reduce the excess oiliness
As we said large pores can be caused by excess oil (sebum) production and that’s why it’s essential to control the sebum production. Fortunately there are some products, specially designed for this aim. They reduce and control the excess surface oil and prevent clogging of the pores and pore plugging which usually contributes to pore visibility. Look for products containing Nordihydraguaiaretic Acid as it reduces the sebum production.
Use pore minimizing lotions and creams
Using a pore minimizing (refining) products should be an essential part of your skin care regimen to keep your facial pores under control. These products target the production of sebum deep in the pores, clear away debris and reduce the size of the large pores. Look for moisturizers containing natural ingredients, vitamins, retinol to increase the collagen production.
Do a tightening face mask
Do a pore refining mask once or twice a week to keep your pores clean and under control. These masks deeply cleanse pores and draw out the impurities while refining the skin’s texture.
Steam your face
Steam your face once a week to thoroughly deep clean your large pores, to loosen debris and to open the pores. The high temperature helps the pores to open and this way the skin will clear itself from the toxins. Apply a deep cleaning face mask after steaming your face.

Medical Treatments:

Deep pore cleansing treatment
The facial includes exfoliating, toning, cleansing, moisturizing, extractions. It’s the best treatment for large pores caused by puberty as it balances oil (sebum) production, removes congestion and encourages healthy new cells to form. Deep pore cleansing should be performed by a beautician to achieve best results.
Topical vitamin A treatments
These include: Retin A, Renova, Avage, Tretinoin. Vitamin A is believed to help minimize large pores’ size. They all unclog pores by loosening blackheads and speeding up cell turnover.
Alpha and Beta Hydroxy Acids
AHAs and BHAs are effective in preventing enlargement of the pores as they exfoliate the skin and unclog pores. Both AHAs and BHAs stimulate the production of collagen and elastin and provide smoother, brighter-looking skin. Common use AHAs in products treating large pores are: Glycolic Acid, Citric Acid, Salicylic Acid, Malic Acid

Cosmetic Procedures:

A non-chemical procedure designed to exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin by using a tool that sprays tiny microcrystal particles on the skin. Microdermabrasion is an ideal procedure for shrinking enlarged pores - it lessens the appearance of pores by roughening up the skin, loosening the dead skin cells that clog the pores. Microdermabrasion can stimulate collagen production which is essential for healthy-looking skin. The treatment removes the upper layer of the skin and reduces not only the size of the pores, but also wrinkles, fine lines, dark spots, acne scars and blemishes. In most cases 2/ 3 treatments are enough to minimize the appearance of large pores.
Chemical Peels
Chemical peels are also effective for reducing the size, look and appearance of large pores. Chemical peel with Trichloreacetic acid (TCA) is the most appropriate peel for enlarged pores as the acid penetrates more deeply into the skin and removes the damaged layers of the skin, allowing new cells to form.
Laser Resurfacing
Laser resurfacing is another procedure that is effective in treating enlarged pores. Laser resurfacing treatment treats not only large pores but also wrinkles, discolorations caused by sun damage, post-acne scars and the best thing is that it boost collagen production which is essential for the skin’s elasticity and healthy look. The procedure tones, lifts and tightens skin on the face and stimulates long-term collagen and elastin rebuilding.

Tips for minimising enlarged pores:

  • A mild exfoliation will help keep your pores clear and less apparent.
  • Treat enlarged pores at early stage to prevent future problems.
  • If untreated properly enlarged pores may lead to acne, skin infections and frequent breakouts.
  • Remember: the best way to prevent enlarged facial pores is to keep your skin clean and well moisturized.
  • Daily usage of oil controlling products will prevent large pores formation.
  • Do a deep-pore cleansing once or twice a month to keep your pores clear and to prevent clogging.
  • Use products containing alpha hydroxy acids.
  • You can improve the appearance of your pores by regular exfoliation.
  • Use pore minimizing products every day.
  • Always cleanse your face twice a day to keep your skin clean and fresh.
  • Never skip to remove your makeup in the evening to prevent clogging of the pores.
  • Make sure all your makeup products are noncomedogenic.
  • Remember: any irritation can cause the pores to overreact.
  • Use lukewarm water to rinse your face, hot water can enlarge facial pores.
  • Never use harsh soaps and astringents to cleanse your face.
  • Don’t squeeze blackheads or pimples cause your may stretch the pore.
  • Use strips to remove blackheads on your nose, chin and forehead.
  • Always wear sunscreen with SPF of at least 15 because the sun may cause large pores.
  • Eat many fruits and vegetables.
  • Drink lots of water every day to keep yourself hydrated.
  • Avoid applying any irritants to your skin because if your skin is irritated the pores will appear larger.
  • Keep your makeup tools clean to avoid inflammation.
  • Rub your skin with an ice cube as it closes your pores and keeps any dirt out.

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